WHO Global TB Report 2015
The WHO launched the
Annual Global TB Report
. The Report provides a provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic and progress in implementing and financing TB prevention, care, control and research at global, regional and country levels using data reported by over 200 countries that account for more than 99% of the world's TB cases. The advances are major: TB mortality has fallen 47% since 1990, with nearly all of that improvement taking place since 2000, when the MDGs were set. In all, effective diagnosis and treatment of TB saved an estimated 43 million lives between 2000 and 2014.
Four key themes from the report:
- In 2014, TB for the first time surpassed HIV in total deaths per year with 1.5 million people killed by TB in 2014 (with 400,000 of those HIV positive) and HIV at 1.2 million per year with the same 400,000 co-infected.
- The new national prevalence data in Indonesia increases their TB cases estimates from 460,000 to 1 million cases – this puts Indonesia above China as the 2nd most cases after India.
- The increased estimates in Indonesia drove an increase in global estimates for new TB cases to 9.6 million per year. This is the second year in a row where improved national data (last year was Nigeria) lead to an increase in the overall estimate of cases. The important and confusing message is that TB isn’t on the rise. The large number of cases is due to improvements in recent years in the way many countries are conducting prevalence surveys which have unearthed more cases which were previously unaccounted for.
- Continued slow progress on TB with global incidence falling 1.5% per year since 2000.